KASEY, as chosen by the random number generator. Thank you all for participating. Kasey, we will be contacting you about getting this book to you!
KASEY, as chosen by the random number generator. Thank you all for participating. Kasey, we will be contacting you about getting this book to you!
Last week we were on vacation, so here we are at Week Eight of school! You can see what we did in weeks three through seven in this post.
Six Year Old Kindergarten: This week we have been working on an Orchard Circle to tie in with the apple picking we did before Michaelmas. We also are working with the Feast Days of Saint Francis of Assisi (October 4th) and St. Teresa of Avila (October 15th). This week we have also taken long walks in the fall leaves, played outside, baked apples in varying forms, learned about the frogs along the creek in our area, and made little wet felted shooting stars to go with our story “Hugin and the Shooting Stars” and Michaelmas.
This is also the week of the stomach virus (no fun) and also birthday week, so we have had fun getting ready for a little celebration at the park!
Fifth Grade – Botany, the block that never ends! This is right up there with our Third Grade Native Americans block for length! We are done this week with botany, despite a brief fight with a stomach virus and a day of taking our dog to the doggie hospital for follow-up appointments. We started the week by recapping conifers and the ecology of the longleaf pine habitat in our state. We moved into trees and visited our local arboretum. Lastly, we explored the flowering plants through the Lily and the Rose and will end with a brief discussion about biomes. I would like to get in a visit to either our State Botanical Garden or the Atlanta Botanical Gardens, so guess I will just see what will work out in our schedule.
We have also been working hard on spelling, cursive writing, and math. We are currently reading “Ronia, The Robber’s Daughter” by Astrid Lindgren. This week also was beautiful horses, choir, swimming and a horse show.
Eighth Grade – This week was working on typing, high school Spanish, and math. In our geography track that we are working on all year, we worked on Main Lesson Book pages for Antarctica and North America and some supplemental reading. In our review of the United States, we talked about an article that was originally published stating Houston would overcome Chicago as the third most populous city – and why this ended up being inaccurate. We used news articles to look at population demographics and things that affect whether a city or town is booming or not, is a bigger city better, etc. It was an interesting discussion!
Our block right now is American History. We started this week with the Gold Rush, and looked at how this affected the Native American population of California (and we also tied this into current events looking at the canonization of Junipero Serra by Pope Francis). We also studied the life of a “49’er” – did they really get rich? and sang music from this time period. We also looked at the general increase of technological inventions in the beginning of the nineteenth century and how this affected Americans (particularly how the cotton gin led to the entrenchment of slavery). For more about the devastating effects of the cotton gin and African American historical figures from this time period, I highly recommend the PBS Series “Africans in America” (the hyperlink has the teacher resources) and you can find the videos themselves on YouTube.
We looked carefully at how African- Americans were faring in the North and South as our prelude to the Civil War. How were the lives of our African brothers and sisters the same or different? We also opened our look at the Civil War with poetry about the Civil War, and quotes in general by Civil War Generals. We started looking at the cause/s of the Civil War.
For this part of the block in general, I made a list of things we were going to cover and a list of “How To Become a Civil War Scholar” with the requirements for our Civil War Studies. For example, I made a reading list of books from the library regarding the Civil War, the Emancipation Proclamation, the Underground Railroad, medical care of soldiers during the Civil War and the role of women in the Civil War and am requiring a half hour of reading a day from this stack in addition to what I am presenting when we are together. Mainly I am presenting through biographies, which has been quite a bit of research for me, but also a lot of fun.
We picked several hands- on projects to do associated with this time period (my eighth grader picked making a pinhole camera and a telegraph). We have also used the attainment of our Civil War Badge and Underground Railroad Badge through the National Parks service as part of this block’s experiential learning. We have several Civil War field trips planned and have already visited Manassas Battlefield this summer in preparation for this block as we were in that area. The discussion about the Civil War will move us into Civil Rights in the spring and has already brought us into present day current events – notably, South Carolina’s decision to remove the confederate flag in July of this year. The other things I am requiring in this Civil War section is the learning of several Civil War era songs, the completion of our Main Lesson book pages, and several lengthier essay length questions. We are also making a glossary of Civil War terms and memorizing the Gettysburg Address.
There will be a test at the end of this American History block. The only other block I have ever given a test on was Africa, because I loved that block so in seventh grade. So, this will be new and interesting for my student. Ha. I haven’t written the test yet, but will let you know!
We are finishing reading “Sacajawea” by Bruchac this week and moving into “Elijah of Buxton” and then the life of Harriet Tubman. Independent reading assigned right now is “Rider of the Pony Express” by Ralph Moody and then Ray Bradbury’s “The Martian Chronicles” which actually ties into Westward Expansion, interestingly enough.
This week was also Wildlife Judging for 4-H, choir and youth group (a whole lot of youth group, which I am also volunteering in in various capacities), horses and a horse show.
Would love to hear what you are up to this week!
I am so excited to have author Lea Page with us for a giveaway here at The Parenting Passageway. For those of you who don’t know Lea or her work, Lea Page has been counseling and mentoring Waldorf parents for over a decade. She was a La Leche League Leader for many years and also homeschooled both of her own children.
This year, she published a wonderful book called “Parenting In The Here And Now: Realizing the Strengths You Already Have”. Her book is about parenting in the here, right now, and how to manage emotions and cultivate the calmness in the chaos of the moment rather than become overwhelmed. Please leave me a comment in the box and YOU could be the winner of Lea’s new book on Friday!
I am honored to share a wonderful piece that Lea wrote with you all. It first appeared in The Elephant Journal. Thank you, Lea, for your wise words and wonderful perspective. I know all of us want to win a copy of your new book! Here is Lea:
Children engage in play with wholehearted dedication. They sink into imaginary worlds with an intensity that is hard for us as adults to match. They can also, frustratingly, apply that same intensity and dedication to resistance—to not getting in the bath or not getting dressed in time for the school bus.
Children can discover a sense of power in resistance. In the ensuing struggles, parents often feel stuck between letting the child have his way or overpowering the child with some combination of yelling, threats or rewards.
The problem with power struggles, besides all the misery, is that both parent and child learn to equate will with power (willfulness). But healthy will is not about power. Healthy will is devoted action: our thoughts and feelings and choices manifested in our deeds.
We engage the will with action, not arguments. When parents attend to the activities of home life with warmth and care—sharing meals, pursuing recreational/creative interests and doing chores together as a family, they model healthy will for their children, who are natural imitators. A strong family rhythm that establishes a reliable pattern of events as the day or week unfolds can also go a long way towards creating a harmonious flow with fewer day-to-day power struggles.
But there will be resistance, even in the most balanced of households. The power to resist isn’t always negative, but children need to learn when and how to apply it so that their will develops in a healthy manner.
Is there a way to teach children about the forces of power and resistance without inviting power struggles or modeling an unhealthy will?
Yes. By going to the source: the forces of nature, specifically, the four elements: water, air, earth and fire. Not only are these forces life sustaining, they have lessons to teach our young children, who learn primarily by experiencing the world through their senses and through their actions.
The following are just a few ways in which children can experience these forces, outside and inside the home.
Water is deceptively heavy and remarkably persistent. Water finds a way around an obstacle or wears it down slowly.
Air can move anywhere along the scale from whisper soft to howling gale. Air hides in stillness. It holds heat and coldness and can carry smells and even physical objects when it is moving enough. It touches us but is hard to grasp.
Earth is so implacable, so generous. It can be heavy or light. One can move earth, but one must be willing to sacrifice energy and sweat in order to do so. Earth can hold water or release it. Dealing with earth requires patience. It holds secrets.
· Buy the cheapest 25-pound bag of beans (after your children have finished putting small objects in their noses, etc.) and fill a bucket or basket with them. Hide small objects like spoons or little toy cars in the beans and let your children dig around for them. They can use their feet, too. Try this yourself after a stressful day.
Fire is missing from most children’s lives. Fire can be so powerful, but it too has such a range: the heat of fire can consume wholly, and the light of a flame can glimmer with tender subtlety. Fire mesmerizes, soothes and engenders courage. Fire draws us to it and drives us away.
The four elements have a tempering quality on the will of children. When our children have the opportunity to experience these elements using their bodies, they begin to develop a keen respect, not only for the forces of nature, but for the power of their own inner forces. By recognizing and honoring the forces of nature, we can bring the forces of will in our families into more balance.
Thank you so much, Lea. Please leave me a comment in the comment box in order to be entered for Friday’s giveaway!
Some of you have listened to my musings about homeschooling high school in previous posts. It can be overwhelming to look at high schools, and many mothers I have spoken with, no matter what methodology or pedagogy they use to homeschool, feel overwhelmed.
It is almost like being back as a parent of a preschooler when all the options for schooling and building up family traditions and dealing with childhood behavior seem overwhelming, but back during those early years most people had time to get together for playdates and to support each other. Trying to figure out how to homeschool high school is like this, only there are no supportive play dates. Sometimes not many people are homeschooling high school in a local area, so there is no one around the learn from, and then on top of that, no one has time. There may multiple children involved in multiple things, and no one seems to have time to get together to discuss high school. No more supportive playdates!
I am very lucky because my county has a BIG contingent of people homeschooling high school. The time factor is still very real, but at least I know there are people to reach out to.
Waldorf homeschoolers, have another issue and challenge though, that few traditional homeschoolers understand: there are hardly any resources for homeschooling high school in relation to doing the traditional blocks mentioned on the AWNSA chart or Waldorf high school websites. There may be paragraphs here and there, for example, about ninth grade living chemistry, but just a few. Other blocks have even less then that! There are samples of main lesson book pages for high school, but I find this is mainly for ninth grade and not much for tenth grade and up.
The curriculum can also be more fluid as well and difficult to pin down. as some parts of it are traditional and seen in every grade and other subjects seem to vary by region or school. There are curriculum layouts from most Waldorf high schools on the Internet, and some schools have published more specific things… The Chicago Waldorf School has done a terrific job publicly sharing some of their Main Lesson Block topics and assignments and it offers a tantalizing glimpse into the high school world. One of the Waldorf High Schools in Hawaii has published some great main lesson book pages from tenth grade. However, this takes a lot of time to sift through different websites and articles. (Although I am grateful for anything that is out there!)
Then these is the fact that we are not only sifting through Waldorf resources, but also mainstream resources. If a credit is around 150 – 180 hours and we know how many credits our high schooler needs to graduate, we need to know if our homeschooler is interested in college what those credits need to be in. Some colleges list very specific things such as “3 credits Social Studies – 1 American History, 1 World History, 1 American Government and Civics” for example, – and then YOU as the parent really need to know WHAT these credits entail so you can match what you do in blocks to fulfilling credit hours.
For example, in eighth grade, I realized we had an Asian History block, an Oceanography Block, a Meteorology Block, and a World Geography Review and deepening that I was planning to run all year twice a week as a review from all that geography from fifth grade onward. When I looked at a mainstream geography book and syllabus and realized all of these areas were included in high school Geography, I knew between all of this, our hours doing Main Lesson book work, plus performing music related to time periods, our hands-on projects, use of badges from historical sites from our National Park Services, our reading lists and reading reports, would certainly give us more than 150 hours in this area. So there is a high school credit in eighth grade!
Sometimes what you will be doing will span more than one year due to the block system of Waldorf homeschooling. So you may be doing a lot of American history in eighth grade and that combined with the blocks you are doing in ninth grade, may count for a whole credit of American history completed in ninth grade. Transcripts can be created that say when you “completed” a course, so it could theoretically cover more than a year but end in the year where a traditional American school may place it. Examples of this might especially include the sciences, where transcripts normally place biology, chemistry, physics in separate years in that order but Waldorf puts them together every year.
You may need to run a subject not only as blocks, but as a “track” as well, where you meet several times a week all year on top of one or two blocks. So, the important thing is to look ahead and see how you want to divide things, what you want to run as track classes (like perhaps you run math as a year long course ON TOP OF the math blocks or run biology for a whole year ON TOP OF the blocks you will do that covers life sciences). You can keep careful track of your experiential learning and reading lists as well as part of your homeschooling for high school credit.
Have you ever felt resentful that you are always at the bottom of the list, trying to figure out when to exercise or go buy a bra or squeeze in a dentist appointment? Me too! Homeschooling is HARD work at times. Especially as children get older and you are trying to meet academic needs that are more demanding, more social needs and extra activities. You may end up feeling pulled from early in the morning until later in the evening after you get home from whatever activity was going on. This happens, even in Waldorf families, especially when we are homeschooling teenagers.
I recently got to spend some days alone. Our dog just came out of the ICU. She was too sick to travel and needed rest and quiet at home to recover, but we also had our once a year vacation plans that were paid for and we couldn’t get a refund. So, my husband and I decided that he would take the children for the vacation and I stayed home with our sweet dog. The wonderful thing was that she wasn’t so sick that I couldn’t run out for an hour or so and come back. (And thank goodness, because there was nothing worse than seeing her so sick! So grateful she is feeling better even if she has a road ahead!) So I went to the gym AND also walked on the SAME day! I cleaned out closets and the pantry and the garage. I did much of the paperwork kind of stuff that I almost never have time to call about and follow up on (or I have to miss time homeschooling in order to do that!) I also went through things for homeschooling, including looking at things for high school next year, that I probably would never had time to do if I wasn’t alone! I did all kinds of things that were so much easier in solitude.
And here is what I thought about this week: we, as homeschooling mothers, often do put ourselves last. We really do very often. We may go straight from one child to the next with homeschooling to meal preparation to activities for children to housework with no break at all until in the night after the children go to sleep. And then we are tired! Teaching all day is tiring! Many times this pace is a necessity in homeschooling. IAs people say, it really is just a season, but it can be a long season when you are in it. So short of giving up homeschooling,which most of us are not going to give up for varying reasons, what can we do for self care in the meantime?
Here is my list; maybe it will inspire you to make your own list and share it here! Here is mine:
I guess most of all, what I have been thinking is to set your priorities and boundaries! We all only have 24 hours in a day, but if nearly all of those hours are devoted to our children’s schooling and activities and we can’t even get a twice a year dentist appointment in, for example, something is wrong. We want to invest our time in our children and families, but we also really need to invest in our own health and well-being. This is about being a great model for our children when it comes to health and sanity. Also, when we feel physically good and emotionally nurtured, everyone in the family benefits!
Please share your best ideas for self-care in the comment box.
Michaelmas is such a wonderful festival! The inner strength and courage that Michaelmas represents is so fortifying as we look ahead to the winter months. My family celebrates The Feast of St. Michael and All Angels in church; and we also celebrate this event at home.
I think one of the interesting things in the home environment is that if you have both teens in the family and small children, you may have been coming up with Michaelmas celebrations for fifteen or more years, and you may be trying to find ways to appeal to both teens and tiny children. This requires strength and constancy in festival making!
We have done all sort of things over years past:
It takes time to try things and build up traditions. You can certainly build up slowly over the years, and also build up a community with which to celebrate. This year, I missed getting together with folks on this special day – celebrating in community is so wonderful! I asked my teen earlier in the month what she would find interesting for a Michaelmas celebration and she mentioned putting on a well-crafted puppet show for younger children; an obstacle course (“the harder the better” she said!) and, of course, food. I find something like a bonfire with food and other activities works well for teens. If you have teens, what sorts of things are you doing for Michaelmas? Please share in the comment box below.
Here are some links to some of our more treasured ideas in this back post.
Here is a link to my Michaelmas Pinterest board with links for verses, songs, food, crafts, and ideas.
I hope you have a wonderful Michaelmas – may your courage be strong, your words so true and your deeds so brave!
It is easy to get caught up in the external trappings of Waldorf kindergarten – the pretty silks, the wooden toys, and even things like the color of the day or the grain of the day or gnomes. Not that we don’t love those things, but I think if that is where we stop, we are truly missing the heart of the Waldorf kindergarten. So, here are my top ten tips regarding Waldorf kindergarten for the three to six year old at home:
1. Be prepared to hold a daily and weekly rhythm, and firm and loving boundaries consistently. This can be very difficult for parents as many parents have no rhythm to their days or are constantly on the go and too busy. A healthy home life involves slowing down, being present, holding boundaries with love. And doing it day after day. This is our sacred work in parenting.
2. Work provides the basis for healthy play; be prepared to stick to the rhythm of work even if your child does not participate. Older kindergarteners will participate; younger children may imitate in play; but either way the work is done because it is IMPORTANT work for the nourishment of the home. My only caveat is that in the home environment we also should have the time, space and freedom for snuggles, for love, for being able to just be with our children. It should all have a balance to it, an inbreath and outbreath. Conversely, if your whole day is following your child around and nothing is being led by you, then that is an area to look at and bring in the important work of the home.
3. Create space and time for play; have warm natural objects for play. It doesn’t have to be expensive wooden toys! It can be boxes with stacks of seashells, stones and pinecones! But the space and time for a child to learn how to play by themselves, from their own initiative, is important. You can be a “character” in the play, but keep your hands busy. This is your child’s work.
The other piece of this is the cues that we can take from our friends involved in farm and forest-based education. Being in nature is the true place for beautiful play and the development of the senses and gross motor movement and core strength we are looking for in the kindergarten years. This is the true preparation for the academic work that will take place in the grades.
4. Your child needs more silence, more time to themselves, and less of your hovering and words and direction. It doesn’t mean that your children don’t need you, but that it is part of the health of the individual child to have time and space to self-initiate, to learn in their own world of play as they imitate your work and your inner attitudes.
5. Speak in verses and songs; provide pictures with images as you speak with clear speech. Silence provides time and space for your child to initiate his or her own words. Stories and songs are the food of the Waldorf Kindergarten. The stories you make up about the little things around your home and neighborhood are the best stories.
6. Protection is the key to the Waldorf Kindergarten – questions and answers and explanations for the child, more questions for the child, so many choices, the use of so many gadgets and screens to entertain children all takes away a child’s self-initiative, their own ability to modulate and self-regulate their own emotions, the unfolding of their own development, and their ability to imagine and problem-solve. Protection is an important neuro-stimulator.
7. Boundaries relax children. They may kick and scream against it, you may have to gently hold them while they scream and kick, but they will relax into it eventually. Waldorf teachers vary on the use of the phrase “You may” do something versus “You will” do something, but no matter how you say it, a boundary still needs to happen. A strong rhythm is the best boundary holder of all.
8. Help children learn how they can love and support each other. We often don’t have this in the home if it is just a young child and us, without mixed age ranges. I don’t know as a three or four year old needs much in the way of “socialization” outside the family unit, but I think by five and six most children would like to have a friend or two and I think this is important for social development. Building up community is important for the homeschooling adult and the children. This may be done by you starting a homeschool group, a playgroup, or just an outside day at a park with friends.
9. And after saying all of this, I am going to sound paradoxical when I tell you that who we are is more important than what we do. Are we truly loving and kind or do we bad mouth people behind their backs? Do we approach our tasks lovingly and with joy or are we bitter and full of resentment? How are we working to develop the inner qualities we want our children to emulate? This involves taking up spiritual initiative within our own lives in whatever capacity that means to us. Rudolf Steiner laid out a path with his ideas, I use a path of Christianity through my religious denomination, and different people have different ways, but the point is that you work on cultivating the spirituality that is within in you that connects you to other people and to the world and causes you to see how things are interrelated.
10. Remember that the ultimate goal of Waldorf Education is that the human beings once again learn how to live with each other, that we can connect with the “other”, that we see how things are interrelated, that we can serve humanity with love. It helps to begin with the end in mind.
I have very specific back posts about Waldorf in the Home for the one and two year old, the three and four year old, the five and six year old, along with posts on puppetry, festivals, stories, movement and gross motor development, the development of the hand, modeling and wet on wet painting. You do not need a fancy curriculum. Save your money for art supplies, and child-sized tools for work in nourishing the home or a membership to your state parks.