Multiculturalism In Waldorf Homeschooling

I have lately been exploring the ideas of multiculturalism within the Waldorf homeschooling curriculum, and lately especially the place of  Africa and  Asia within the grades  for the American homeschooler as these streams of civilization are part of the fabric of our society.    I have already talked rather extensively regarding Native American/First People streams before.  I am certain I will have something to say about the Latin American stream as well in days to come – after all,  one of my first degrees was in Latin American Studies.  The ideas in this post are borne from my own exploration and are solely my opinion.

In Kindergarten, fairy tales and little stories should come from ALL cultures and include festivals that are authentic and real to your community.  For Americans, I have a strong bias towards Native American tales and stories being used in kindergarten and throughout the first four grades, then moving into  more Native American figures and history in the upper grades, but all streams should be represented as fully as possible.   Although the characters in the  fairy tales themselves are archetypal, I feel strongly if puppetry is used, the puppetry should include a variety of skin tones that correspond with where the tale is from.

In the early  grades we include fairy tales, legends and fables, tales of the Old Testament/Hebrew legends, and the creation tales from many different cultures.   Especially if you are an American homeschooler, we have the streams of nearly every civilization running through our country.  Festivals could be included – for example, if you are doing a block of Chinese fables, you could include this block around the time of the Lunar New Year and see what is out in community to participate in, see, experience.  There are many African and African-American tales also wonderful for second and third grade, and hopefully community festivals you can participate in!  There are many wonderful Waldorf festival books about celebrating festivals, but I feel this can be authentic in a classroom setting than at home if this is not your cultural or religious background, which is why I mention community settings for the homeschooler.    This is an experiential level – for children to be experienced in real life, not in an abstract manner!

Artistic work in all of these grades should again, include skin tones of all colors that are accurate.  Old Testament figures, the Egyptians and Nubians of fourth and fifth grade should be accurate.    Fourth Grade is often seen as a year for the Norse myths, the Kalevala, etc but  “Hear the Voice of the Griot!” by Betty Staley  also mentions that this can be the time of Bantu and San stories.   

I  have also been  thinking strongly about American archetypes – for example, the West with cowboys and the vaqueros that became the foundation for the American cowboy, the Mid-Atlantic with coal mining, farmers in the mid-Western states, lumberjacks of the Pacific Northwest and how this would be embodied in the grades – some figures are larger than life, think of an  “American Tall Tales” block in second grade and we keep moving forward.  I think if you are American, an “American” stream is also important to think about.  It is complicated to think about so many people that have come to our shores, my ancestors included, and forget in this day and age the uniquely American archetypes that used to hold us all together in the past.

Fifth grade – I feel very strongly that Ancient China should be represented in this year, as well as Ancient Africa.  For Fifth Grade and up, a wonderful resource is “China:  Ancient Inspiration and New Directions” by Judith G. Blatchford, available through Rudolf Steiner College Press.   This 171 paged book is very helpful.  It is not divided by grade, so it is just a sort of “sit down and read” and gather gems as you go along.  There are many interesting things in this book as it applies to Waldorf Education and what Rudolf Steiner had to say about China!

India is traditionally well covered during this year   I like Marsha Johnson’s block on The History of Chocolate for math because this is yet another way to acknowledge South American geography and history as cacao and also other countries that produce chocolate.  It is important to remember that this year is not so much history as it is mythology, the feeling life of a culture (which you will harken back to in seventh grade with tribes of people)  and a note to the changing and evolving consciousness of humanity.  Steiner talked about the streams covered in India, Babylon, Persia and Greece but I feel since the American consciousness includes streams from all over the world, it is appropriate to build a foundation for the coming world history and world literature  for this in fifth grade.  Again, please make your drawings accurate with skin tones and provide accurate examples of handwork and crafts.

I also feel whilst fourth grade covers local geography, fifth grade should cover the United States of America (if you are American).   I acknowledge and like the idea of Donna Simmons of Christopherus Homeschool Resources, Inc to place our North American “neighbors” in this category as well – Mexico, Caribbean, Canada.    North America also includes what we as Americans often refer to as Central America and some folks seem to forget this!

Sixth Grade -In sixth grade, the Crusades, the arrival of Islam, the Ottoman Empire is traditionally well covered.  However, I  also feel strongly that feudal Japan should be included as an example of Medieval East Asia and perhaps even independent Vietnam, the Khmer Empire, or the Kingdoms of Burma or even Medieval Java  included as representatives of Medieval Southeast Asia.  We choose to study European Geography in this grade to go along with  Rome, but you may choose to map it out differently, especially if you decide to cover some of the Asian countries in their medieval periods.

Seventh Grade -In seventh grade, one can more closely study the Mongol culture and history, the rise of Buddhism, the Silk Road and China as part of “The Age of Discovery”, and also include the great explorer .  We studied African geography  in this grade and also  included Ancient History as well as explorers and colonization and the diaspora along with the geography, Ancient Civilizations and explorations of South America.   There is plenty to explore.  Latin American geography is another area of exploration.  I also feel this grade should cover Native American tribes again and colonial America

Eighth Grade – In eighth grade,   the study of modern history is broached with broad brush strokes and themes, and will continue into ninth grade in many Waldorf high schools. One most likely will touch upon colonialism,  nationalism and the rise of  independence as part of these themes, and of course there are many examples of this around the world.    I believe eighth grade should include Middle Eastern geography (you probably have already covered some of this; however, much of the Middle Eastern landscape was changed as a result of World War I and  II and it makes sense to cover this here)  Asian and Pacific Rim geography.    If you do decide to foray into more modern history past World War II, one could of course include Korea, Vietnam, and the Philippines and more. 

If you want an example of how to work with this if you are in a non-European country, I suggest the teaching manuals from East Africa Waldorf training that are available for free on line.  It shows how this training center  has adapted the curriculum to fit their geography and streams of cultural groups. 

Many blessings,
Carrie

Advertisements

11 thoughts on “Multiculturalism In Waldorf Homeschooling

  1. This is a wonderful post! One of my degrees is in cultural anthropology, so multiculturalism in my children’s education is particularly important to me. I have made it a priority to bring stories from all continents and a wide variety of cultures to my young children. But I don’t want to sacrifice delving deeply for the sake of broad coverage in the grades ahead, and I think your post really speaks to that!!

    I had taken the progression of the geography curriculum at the Santz Cruz Waldorf School as my multicultural model, but how much better to have the insight of an experienced homeschooler!! 🙂 As ever, thank you for sharing your thoughts and wisdom with us so generously, Carrie!

  2. Thank you Carrie! This post is so timely again. My husband and I were talking about why Ancient China is not included in the 5th grade and we also feel like it should. So we will most likely finish our 5th grade with Ancient China.
    Do you have any other resources or recommendations in regards to Ancient China that you could share?
    Your help would be much appreciated.

    Maggie

    • Maggie,
      I think the book I mentioned from Rudolf Steiner Press is the best resource. Other resources I know Ancient China is included in the Christopherus Fifth Grade syllabus for one place. There are also many mainstream resources that include fables, folktales, festivals, etc.
      I will mention resources as I go along –
      Blessings to you,
      Carrie

  3. Good ideas here! You mention doing Native American stories in the kidergarten year, but I have never seen mention specific examples in your kindergarten posts! What stories and resources would you recommend for that? Thanks!

    • Hi Katie,
      There are some specific Native American stories in the Wynstones books, also I believe in the little “pink book” as I always call it about Waldorf Kindergarten…Shingebiss is the first story that comes to mind, but there are many others.
      Blessings,
      Carrie

  4. Hi, this is very helpful to me; I am planning for 5th grade next year as well. Thank your for information on adding Ancient China. I wonder if you have resource suggestions for Ancient Africa? Again, thank your for sharing.

    • Hi Cassie!
      The best resource is to look at Betty Staley’s “Hear the Voice of the Griot!” (Waldorf booksellers, may be out of print). From there, I would build up a picture of Egypt’s neighbors -you can search Africa on this blog and come up with many resources I used in seventh grade. They wouldn’t all be appropriate for fifth, but a few of them would be. In fifth grade you are more on the mythology land than history – true history begins in sixth, but I think Hetshephut, who is a historical figure so that kind of rides the line but is recommended in Betty’s work, the Ancient Kingdom of Nubia, the Phoenicians, the Ancient Kingdom of Ghana and their famous griots and Anansi stories, would all be places to start. You could also look at Askum, and other regions such as Bantu stories.
      Hope that helps!
      Carrie

  5. Pingback: Extending Africa Through The Curriculum | The Parenting Passageway

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s